Mold is used to make penicillin and brie, but it can be a real problem when it grows undetected on your carpet, furniture, food, clothing and paper. Mold is difficult to eradicate, and it poses some risks of health problems. In this post, we will discuss the types of mold and their effects on health. We will also provide some tips on how to prevent mold.
Different Types Of Mold
There are many different types of mold, and they can grow virtually everywhere. In recent years, the potential health hazards of mold have become a hot topic. The exact number of mold species is still unknown, but it is anticipated that there are tens of thousands of them. All mold species are not dangerous, but obviously some are.
Before you do something to remove mold, it is a good idea to know what type of mold you are going to deal with. Different mold species have different characteristics. Here are 12 most common types of mold:
1. Acremonium: This is a type of toxigenic mold and it evolves over time. This mold grows in cooling coils, humidifiers, window sealants and drain pans.
2. Alternaria: This allergenic mold grows on damp places such as bathtub, showers, and sinks.
3. Aureobasidium: Aureobasidium is a type of allergenic mold that grows on wooden surfaces and behind wallpapers.
4. Aspergillus: Aspergillus, a common mold, typically grows in American households. This mold has more than 185 species, and they come in various colors.
5. Cladosporium: This allergenic mold can grow in cold and warm conditions. It can easily grow on carpets, upholsteries and fabrics.
6. Chaetomium: Chaetomium usually grows in water-damaged buildings and homes. With a cotton-like texture, this mold can change its color.
7. Mucor: Mucor is an allergenic mold and it is usually found in thick patches. It can grow in any moist place, but it usually grows near HVAC systems and air conditioning.
8. Penicillin: With a velvety texture and green or blue colored surface, Penicillin is an allergenic mold. It is found in damp places such as water-damaged buildings.
9. Stachybotrys: This mold is also referred to as “black mold”. It can cause allergenic reactions because it is a type of toxigenic mold. It grows in humid, damp and wet places.
10. Trichoderma: Easily recognizable with its white color and green patches, Trichoderma is a type of allergenic mold. It grows in moist areas and wet surfaces.
Health Effects Of Mold
Mold should be identified and eliminated as soon as possible, because it can have toxic, long-lasting effects on health. The severity of health problem depends on the type of mold and the duration of exposure. In the beginning, you may not notice the adverse effects of mold, but in the long run you will have to pay a price.
The effects of mold can be serious. Some studies show that many health conditions and illnesses are linked to the effects of mold. Here are some effects of mold on human health:
The levels of mold sensitivity vary from person to person. While some people are more sensitive to mold, others develop it over time. For some people, mold allergies can be severe. Headaches, skin irritation, sore eyes, sore throat, coughing and nasal congestion are some symptoms of mold sensitivity.
People with existing respiratory conditions are more vulnerable to the effects of mold. For some people, mold exposure can cause respiratory problems. Shortness of breath, coughing and wheezing, and respiratory tract problems can be caused by exposure to mold. Mold exposure can even make healthy children develop respiratory problems. If a person is suffering from asthma, mold exposure can worsen the symptoms.
People with weak immune systems are more susceptible to mold-related infections. Mold can pose health hazards for people with pre-existing lung conditions. Mold exposure can make these people miserable by worsening the symptoms.
Severe Chronic Conditions
Some types of mold release myotoxins, which are absorbed by intestinal lining, airways and the skin. If a person is exposed to myotoxins for a long time, the person may develop some deadly conditions. These conditions include heart conditions, pregnancy conditions, neurotoxicity, kidney and liver conditions, blood disorders, pulmonary bleeding, and cancer.
Tips For Preventing Mold
Controlling moisture is the best way to prevent mold. Mold should be addressed before it becomes a serious issue. If you are wondering how to prevent mold, here are some tips that will help you:
Identify Problem Areas
You can make your home mold-resistant, but not mold-proof. Finding the problem areas is the first step of the process. Notice if the basement gets flooded during the monsoon. Frequent condensation is something that deserves your attention. If you notice a water stain caused by a persistent leak, do something about it.
You can prevent mold by simply removing carpet from your damp basement. Repair the gutters if they are damaged. In a serious case, it may require major waterproofing and excavation. Make sure you address the problem before it gets worse. You may need to spend some money right now, but in the long run your efforts will be highly rewarding.
Dry Wet Areas
Wet areas should be tackled right away, because moisture is the breeding ground for mold. If a leaky pipe causes accumulation, or a heavy rainfall makes your basement wet, make sure they are dried in a day or two. In case of a flood, water-damaged furniture, bedding and carpets should be removed immediately.
Ensure Proper Ventilation
In some cases, your domestic activities can be responsible for the growth of mold. When doing laundry, taking a shower or cooking dinner, ensure proper ventilation in the laundry room, bathroom or kitchen. Lack of ventilation can invite mold. Properly dry stoves and clothes dryers. After using dehumidifiers and AC, clean them as properly.
Keep Some Mold-resistant Products In Your Home
When renovating your old home or building a new one, consider using mold-resistant sheetrock or drywall. Drywall is designed to prevent mold because it contains gypsum. Fiberglass covers the gypsum core, and as a result the surface becomes water-resistant.
Kitchens, basements, laundry rooms and bathrooms are prone to wetness. You can use moisture resistant drywall in these places. You can also consider using mold-resistant gypsum board.
Monitor Humidity Indoors
To prevent mold, make sure your indoor humidity is not above 60 percent. Use a moisture meter to measure humidity. You can easily buy one from a hardware store. To detect high humidity, just look at the problem areas. Condensation on walls, pipes and windows are telltale signs. Dry the surface when you notice condensation. Make sure the source of moisture is addressed properly.
Clean Extractor Fans
Extractor fans filter bad odors and humidity. Clogged extractor fans can lead to the growth of mold in your home. If there are extractor fans in your bathroom or kitchen make sure they are not clogged. Get them serviced if they are out of order. Clean them regularly and keep them running.
Clean Your Roof Gutters
A mold problem can be caused by damaged gutters. Regularly clean and repair your roof gutters. It is also important to conduct regular inspection for damages. Repair them whenever it is necessary. If you notice water stains, check and see if the roof is leaking.
To get the job done, you can hire a professional plumber. If you search, you will easily find professional plumbers in your area.
Establish Negative Airflow
In a sealed room, it is important to establish negative air pressure. You can use an air mover to do it. The procedure requires a little bit of technical knowledge. Plastic sheets are used to seal the area and then a small hole is made in the plastic sheet. Consider hiring a professional to get the job done. Establishing negative airflow is one of the best ways to prevent mold in a room.
If some materials remain in the room, you have to clean them thoroughly. To prevent a recurrent infestation, you can use a fungicide product on the materials. This product can remove mold spores. Apply fungicide to building materials that cannot be removed or cleaned.
As temperatures drop, air holds less moisture. When there is less airflow in a room, the excess moisture appears on floors, windows and walls. To improve airflow, you can keep furniture a bit away from walls, open closets and open doors inside your home. To reduce moisture, let fresh air come in. you will not have to worry about mold removal if there is sufficient airflow in your home.
Make Sure Household Plants Do Not Get Mold
Household plants are not only beautiful but also useful. But mold can grow rapidly on household plants. Mold can grow in the same soil that provides nutrients to the plants. Once it has started growing, it will spread very rapidly. Before you water the plants, mix some Taheebo tea with the water. It can effectively hinder the growth of mold.
Take action immediately when you notice an unpleasant and musty odor in a carpeted room. Cleaning carpets regularly is of utmost importance, because mold can spread under your feet even if it is invisible.
When buying carpet padding, make sure it has anti-microbial properties. Although this padding is a bit expensive, it can be highly rewarding in the long run. To make sure your carpets are mold-free, get them professionally cleaned. Call Champion Carpet Cleaning and Restoration 561-9625326.
Avoid Drying Your Clothes Indoors
Drying your cloths indoors is not a good idea, because in a poorly ventilated room, the evaporated moisture will settle on the walls and ceiling. And if that happens, mold will gradually grow on your walls and ceiling. If you must dry cloths indoors, consider using a tumble dryer.
When it comes to dealing with mold, prevention is always better than cure. A little bit of carefulness can be highly rewarding in the long run. By applying the tips, hopefully you will be able to prevent mold.